Case study knowledge – is designed to support your teaching of the case studies and named examples required for the physical and human geography papers at GCSE.
Comprising knowledge organisers, summary revision activities and exam-style questions with mark schemes and indicative responses, the pack covers all core and optional case studies required for GCSE.
Although designed for the AQA specification, Case study knowledge is also relevant for all major exam boards.
Use this comprehensive pack throughout your teaching of the GCSE programme of study.
- Knowledge organisers for all core and optional case studies and named examples on the AQA specification
- Summary activities to help with revision
- Exam-style questions with mark schemes and indicative responses.
Human geography case studies and examples
A case study of a major city in an LIC or NEE - Mumbai, India
An example of how urban planning is improving the life for the urban poor - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
A case study of a major city in the UK Newcastle upon - Tyne, UK
An example of an urban regeneration project, reasons it was needed and its features - Salford Quays, Manchester, UK
An example of how tourism in an LIC/NEE helps reduce the development gap - Jamaica
A case study of one LIC/NEE experiencing rapid economic development - Nigeria
An example of how modern industrial development can be more environmentally sustainable - Park Royal, west London
An example of a large scale agricultural development, its advantages and disadvantages - The Indus Basin, Asia
An example of a local scheme in a LIC or NEE to increase supplies of food - Cape Town, South Africa
An example of a large scale water transfer scheme, its advantages and disadvantages - South-North water transfer project, China
An example of a local scheme in an LIC or NEE to increase sustainable supplies of water - Bhatha Dhua, Pakistan
An example of fossil fuel extraction, its advantages and disadvantages - Fracking in the UK
An example of a local renewable and sustainable energy scheme in a LIC or NEE - Chambamontera, Peru
Physical geography case studies and examples
The effects and responses to tectonic hazards in countries of contrasting levels of wealth - Nepal and Chile earthquakes
A named example of a tropical storm, its effects and responses to it - Typhoon Haiyan, Philippines
An example of an extreme weather event in the UK, its causes, impacts and management - The Beast from the East, UK
An example of a small scale UK ecosystem - Avington Park lake, Winchester, UK
A case study of a tropical rainforest, causes and impacts of deforestation - Amazon, Brazil
A case study of a hot desert, its development opportunities and challenges - Sahara Desert, Africa
A case study of a cold environment, its development opportunities and challenges - Svalbard
An example of a section of coastline in the UK, its major landforms of erosion and deposition - Borth to Aberwstwyth, West Wales
An example of a coastal management scheme in the UK - Mappleton, England
An example of a river valley in the UK, its landforms of erosion and deposition - Afon Rheidol, West Wales
An example of a flood management scheme in the UK - Banbury, UK
An example of an upland area in the UK affected by glaciation, its landforms of erosion and deposition - Cadair Idris, Mid-Wales
An example of a glaciated upland area in the UK used for tourism used for tourism - Snowdonia, North Wales
Sample from the human geography case studies pack: A case study of a major city in an LIC or NEE - Mumbai
Why has Mumbai grown?
- Rural−urban migration - Large numbers of young people migrated from rural India as there were many opportunities for better paid jobs in the city. Many farming jobs no longer exist in rural areas due to the mechanisation of agriculture. Therefore, many people seek alternative employment. The industrialisation of Mumbai meant that more jobs became available. On average, 1 000 migrants arrive in Mumbai daily. 38% of migrants come to Mumbai from the Maharashtra State.
- Natural increase - This occurs when there are more births than deaths. It is common to have a large family in India. The birth rate is 20.1 per 1 000 and the fertility rate is around 1.7 in Maharashtra. Many of the migrants are young and therefore starting a family is likely to happen.
- Education - There are more educational opportunities in Mumbai than in other areas of India. Many students move to Mumbai and then do not return home to their families.
How has growth created opportunities and challenges?
Opportunities of growth
- Mumbai has a world-renowned university and there are more than 100 primary and secondary schools. Children can also have a free education. The literacy rate in Mumbai is 89.7%, which is high.
- Mumbai has more hospitals than any other Indian city. The hospitals are also affordable, which means local people can easily access them. This helps to lower disease rates.
- In the slums there have been many projects to improve sanitation and infrastructure. Community toilet blocks have been built, which reduces open defecation (this is a huge social and environmental issue across many states in India).
- Mumbai accounts for 6% of India’s GDP and 40% of its foreign trade. Mumbai is also a manufacturing hub and therefore there are a lot of jobs within this industry.
- Many areas in Mumbai experience a real sense of community and chores are shared between local people.
Challenges of growth
- It is estimated that 72% of Mumbai’s residents are living in slums (bustees) such as Dharavi.
- Mumbai is very densely populated and many people live in cramped accommodation which is a long distance from where they work. The population density is estimated at 32 303 people per square kilometre.
- Many people travel daily on the trains. These are notorious for being overcrowded and can be incredibly dangerous to travel on. In 2016 an average of eight people were killed every day on railway tracks.
- Mumbai has high levels of air pollution, particularly pollution containing nitrous oxides and small dust particles called particulate matter. These can cause illnesses such as asthma.
- There are more than 22 million vehicles registered in Mumbai. Traffic jams are a daily occurrence. The roads are also not in a good condition in many locations across Mumbai, which can make driving very dangerous.
- Pickpocketing is a huge problem, as many people move to Mumbai without having a job to go to and therefore turn to crime to make money.
Have you used this resource?Review this resource