Germany 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship

Last updated: 01/03/2022
Contributor: Teachit Author
Germany 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship
Main Subject
Key stage
Category
History: German history
Resource type
Teaching pack

Designed to support students preparing for the AQA GCSE, our revision workbook Germany 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship features revision tasks to cover the complete course.

The workbook includes content summaries, recap tasks and exam-practice questions in a variety of styles, ensuring students can revise independently and build confidence for their exam.

Key features:

  • content summaries in a variety of formats
  • recap activities
  • keyword and timeline tasks
  • exam-style questions.

This sample shows an example of a revision summary from the Germany 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship revision workbook. 

The growth of the Nazi Party 1928−32

  • The Nazi Party started as the DAP (Deutsches Arbeiter Partei) in 1919. It was led by Anton Drexler and had just 40 members.

  • Hitler joined the party in 1919 and within two years had become its leader.

  • In 1923 Hitler tried, unsuccessfully, to seize power during the Munich Putsch. The party was banned (it would remain so until 1925) and Hitler was put into jail (although he only served nine months).

  • Once Hitler was released, the party was relaunched.

Why did support for the Nazis grow during 1928−32?

Factor

Supporting evidence

Hitler’s personal appeal

  • He was a powerful orator (speaker).

  • He was a WWI Iron Cross hero.

  • He was a strong leader who promised to unite the country, restore order and scrap the Treaty of Versailles.

Strength of the SA

  • In 1930, there were 400,000 members.

  • They were used to attack communists, disrupt their meetings, tear down posters and intimidate voters.

  • They gave an impression of discipline through their uniforms, parades, rallies and marches.

Propaganda

  • The newspapers Der Stürmer and Völkischer Beobachter were used to promote the Nazi message.

  • New technology was used, including radio broadcasts, plane tours and cinema news reels.

  • Propaganda posters promised ‘Work and bread’ and the destruction of the Treaty of Versailles.

Working class support

  • This group were promised jobs. This was very appealing because unemployment was high; 40% of factory workers were unemployed.

  • The Nazis presented themselves as the party of workers.

Middle class support

  • Teachers, lawyers and professionals deserted moderate parties and turned to extremist parties due to Great Depression (many had lost their companies and pensions).

  • They saw the Nazis as protection against the Communist Party.

  • The Nazis stood for traditional values, criticising the hated ‘moral decline’ of 1923−29.

Farmers’ support

  • Farmers made up 40% of voters.

  • They feared communists, who wanted to ban private ownership of land.

  • The Nazi Party promised to help struggling farmers pay their debts and also to take land from the Jews.

  • The ‘Blood and soil’ motto was used to tell farmers that they were Aryans. Farmers became a strong section of Nazi support.

Big business support

  • The Nazi Party promised protection from communists.

  • Big businesses such as Benz and Krupps donated money to the party.

Support from young people

  • Hitler’s passionate speeches and exciting rallies appealed to some young people.

  • The Nazis promised jobs during a time of high youth unemployment.

Support from women

  • The Nazis promised to prioritise families. Some women were drawn to propaganda posters which demonstrated strong, traditional values.

  • They had not been targeted by other parties as voters.

Germany 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship
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5
With Year 10 students in the study of WWI and WII.

Kirsten Jones

12/11/2020

5

11/05/2020

5

01/05/2020

5

29/04/2020

5
With Year 10 students in the study of WWI and WII.

Kirsten Jones

12/11/2020

5

11/05/2020

5

01/05/2020

5

29/04/2020

5

22/03/2020

5

11/03/2020